How to install Ubuntu on Orange Pi 5 Plus

Orange Pi

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I have used Raspberry Pi 4 for Nextcloud but there was performance issue when playing large size videos.

In this year new SBC was released “Orange Pi 5 Plus”.
I bought it and moved Nextcloud from Raspberry Pi 4 to Orange Pi 5 Plus.

Orange Pi - Orangepi



This is test results with my video which file size is about 140MB.
I am very happy because performance has improved!

#Uploading videoPlaying on browser
Raspberry Pi 467 secs44 secs
Orange Pi 5 Plus28 secs32 secs

Where to buy

I bought on AliExpress.
Link



I bought case too.
Copper heat sink would be fine because efficiency is better than alminium.
Link



Power supply.
Orange Pi 5 Plus uses 4A so high capacity is needed.
Link

Unboxing

They arrived about 3 weeks.



Let’s assemble.



Attach 4 screws on each edge.

If you have plan to use M.2 SSD it’s time to attach to board.



Attaching side walls of case…

Attached heat sink.
It may be easy to attach heat sinks earlier than walls.



Putting cooling fan onto ceiling…



Connecting pin onto pin header on board.
Please assure the position is correct because I took mistake once.

Installing OS onto microSD

You can find your favorite OS from here.
I selected Ubuntu because Arch Linux wasn’t there at that time…

Ubuntu - Google ドライブ



This is usual steps.

$ 7z e Copy\ of\ Orangepi5plus_1.0.6_ubuntu_jammy_server_linux5.10.110.7z

$ sudo dd if=./Orangepi5plus_1.0.6_ubuntu_jammy_server_linux5.10.110.img of=/dev/sda bs=32M



Yes, installing OS success!

Updating to latest

sshd is running with default configuration, so you can connect if you can justify IP address.
DHCP lease status or dedicated smart phone application…

First updating to latest.

$ sudo apt update

$ sudo apt upgrade

Timezone configuration

I am living in Japan but default timezone is Shanghai.

Current default time zone: 'Asia/Shanghai'
Local time is now:      Mon Jun 19 20:39:56 CST 2023.
Universal Time is now:  Mon Jun 19 12:39:56 UTC 2023.
Run 'dpkg-reconfigure tzdata' if you wish to change it.

So I configured timezone.

$ sudo dpkg-reconfigure tzdata
(略)
Current default time zone: 'Asia/Tokyo'
Local time is now:      Mon Jun 19 21:42:28 JST 2023.
Universal Time is now:  Mon Jun 19 12:42:28 UTC 2023.

Changing default editor to vim

I configured default editor from nano to vim.

$ sudo update-alternatives --config editor
There are 3 choices for the alternative editor (providing /usr/bin/editor).

  Selection    Path                Priority   Status
------------------------------------------------------------
* 0            /bin/nano            40        auto mode
  1            /bin/nano            40        manual mode
  2            /usr/bin/mcedit      25        manual mode
  3            /usr/bin/vim.basic   30        manual mode

Press <enter> to keep the current choice[*], or type selection number: 3
update-alternatives: using /usr/bin/vim.basic to provide /usr/bin/editor (editor) in manual mode

Creating normal user

With default configuration, user “orangepi” is available.
But it will be vulnerable so created new one.

$ sudo adduser yasu
Adding user `yasu' ...
Adding new group `yasu' (1001) ...
Adding new user `yasu' (1001) with group `yasu' ...
Creating home directory `/home/yasu' ...
Copying files from `/etc/skel' ...
New password: 
Retype new password: 
passwd: password updated successfully
Changing the user information for yasu
Enter the new value, or press ENTER for the default
	Full Name []: 
	Room Number []: 
	Work Phone []: 
	Home Phone []: 
	Other []: 
Is the information correct? [Y/n] Y

# sudo可能にする
$ sudo visudo
(略)
yasu ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL, !/usr/bin/rm

Static IP address setting

Static IP address is needed because I use this board as Nextcloud server.
Fortunately Orange Pi 5 Plus guy prepares very good instruction page!

How to set a static IP address - Wiki-Orange Pi

Changing host name

You can change host name.

$ sudo vim /etc/hostname
nextcloud-server

# Restart to reflect change
$ sudo reboot

Changing SSH to use public key authentication

Password authentication is weak so I changed to public key authentication.

Change root user password

You should change root user password!

$ sudo -s

$ passwd
New password: (Input password)
Retype new password: (Input password)
passwd: password updated successfully

Configuring locale

If you have favorite locale then you should configure to use it.
This is my example.

$ sudo /etc/locale.gen
(omit)
# ja_JP.UTF-8 # <- Remove # at the head
(omit)

# Generating locale
$ sudo locale-gen

# Configuration
$ sudo vim /etc/locale.conf
LANG=ja_JP.UTF-8

Installing docker, docker-compose

I use docker so installed docker and docker-compose.

$ sudo apt install docker docker-compose



That’s it for today.
You got minimum server machine and you can customize as you like!

Conclusion

How was it?

It has higher power than Raspberry Pi 4, I ‘m looking forward to use it!

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